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今日,小简教师为咱们收拾了人教版英语选修7讲义各单元的常考单词、短语、以及写作句式,便利同学们学习和温习运用!尽力攻下这些知识点,新学期变身英语学霸~

Unit1 Living well

常考单词必背

1.ambition  n.大志;野心

ambitious  adj. 有大志的;有野心的


His only fault is that he lacks ambition.

他仅有的缺少是志趣矮小。


2.beneficial  adj. 有利的;获益的

benefit  vt. 有利于 vi.获益;得到优点  n.优点;优点


Your medicine has benefited me much.

你的药对我大有利处。


[快速闪记]

benefit from 从……中获益

be of benefit to 对……有利(=be beneficial to)

for the benefit of 为……(的利益)


3.clumsy  adj. 蠢笨的


4.adapt  vt.&vi. ①(使)习惯②改编;改写


I suggested he should adapt himself to his new conditions.

我以为他应该使自己习惯新的状况。


[快速闪记]

(1) adapt(oneself) to(doing) sth (使或人)习惯(做)某事

adapt...from... 依据……改编马屁精孤立你……

be adapted for 为……而改编

(2) adaptation n.[C] & [U] 习惯;改编;改写本;改编的著作


5.absence  n.①[C] & [U]缺席;不在②[U]缺少


A stranger brought you this letter during your absence.

你不在时,一个陌生人给你捎来了这封信。


[快速闪记]

(1) absence of mlzh134289ind 心猿意马

in sb's absence 或人不在时

in the absence of sth 缺少某物

(2) absent  adj. ①缺席的;不在的 ②缺少的

be absent from 缺席……

absent-minded  adj. 心猿意马的


6.resign  vi. 辞去职务;扔掉 vt. 辞去;扔掉;把……交给(给)


All the employees resign because the employer is too unreasonable.

由于老板太不讲理,雇员整体辞去职务。

She resigned her baby to the care of her neighbour.

她把婴儿托付给街坊看管。

resign from a job 辞去职务


7.adequate  adj. ①满意的②恰当的;担任的


[快速闪记]

be adequate for 满意……

be adequate to do...... 担任做……;足以做……


8.access  n.①刑侦队长祝剑挨近/进入的办法;抵达/进入的权力②通道;进口


Only a few people have access to the full facts of the incident.

只要几个人能够知道工作的悉数本相。


[快速闪记]

have/gain/get/obtain access to 可挨近;可进入;可运用

accessible/k'sesbl/ adj. 简略获得的;简略挨近的;简略受影响的

be accessible to 能挨近……,可运用……


9.approval  n.[C] & [U]拥护;附和;附和


Do the plans meet with your approval?

这些方案你拥护吗?


[快速闪记]

(1) approve  vt. 拥护;附和

approve of sb's doing sth 附和或人做某事

(2) without approval 未经许可

give one's approval to 附和;附和


10.profit  n.[C] & [U]赢利;收益;利益;优点 vt.&vi.有利(于);有利(于)


A company whose profits from home markets are declining may seek opportunities abroad.

一家在国内市场赢利下降的公司或许会去国外追求时机。

It will profit us nothing to do that.

做那事对咱们没有任何优点。

高频短语必会

1.in other words 换句话说


[快速闪记]

have a word with sb 与或人说话

keep/break one's word 恪守许诺/食言;失期

beyond words 无法用语言表达


2.cut绿植bjlymf out 切下,裁剪


[快速闪记]

cut across 抄近路

cut away 切,剪,去掉

cut down 削减,砍倒

cut in 插话,插队

cut off 堵截,阻挠

cut up 切碎,使沉痛,使悲伤


3.out of breath 上气不接下气


Reaching the top of the tower,he was out of breath.

到了塔顶他就上气不接下气了。


catch/hold one's breath 屏气;憋住气

lose one's breath 喘不过气


4.all in all 总而言之

5.sit around 闲坐着

6.in many ways 在许多方面

7.as well as 也;和

8.make fun of 嘲笑

9.never mind 不用忧虑

10.meet with&nb大姑娘抓几把sp;遇到;阅历;接见会面

写作句式必学

1.Every time I returned after an absence,I felt stupid because I was behind the others.

每次请过假之后,我觉得自己笨,由于比他人落后了一些。


2.Sometimes,too,I was too weak to go to school so my education suffered.

有时,我的身体也很衰弱,以致于不能去上学,因而我的学习受到了影响。


3.Just accept them for who they are,and give them encouragement to live as rich and full a life as you do.

接受他们,给予他们鼓舞,让他们能像你相同过得五光十色,充沛圆满。

Unit2 Robots

常考单词必背

1.desire n.巴望;希望;愿望 v.巴望;神往;要求


We all desire happiness and health.

咱们都想得到夸姣和健康。


[快速闪记]

(1) have a strong desire to do sth 火急想要做某事

(2) have a strong desire for sth 急于想得到某物

desir丁艾梅e to do sth 巴望做某事

desire sb to do sth 想要或人做某事

desire that主语+should+动词原形,should能够省掉。

(3) desirable  adj. 令人满意的

desired  adj. 巴望的;想得到的


2.alarm  n.警报;惊慌 vt. 使警觉;使惊慌;惊扰


I forgot to set my alarm and I overslept.

我忘了定闹钟,成果睡过了头。

They were alarmed by a sudden attack.

突然袭击使他们大为惊慌。


3.sympathy  n.怜惜


I have a lot of sympathy for him;he brought up his two children on his own.

我十分怜惜他,他单独把两个孩子养大。


[快速闪记]

(1) feel/have great sympathy for sb 对或人深感怜惜

with sympathy 怜惜地

(2) sympathetic  adj. 怜惜的;支撑的

sympathize/sympathise  vi. ①怜惜;怜惜 ②谅解;附和


4.favo(u)r   n.[U]喜欢;恩惠;附和 vt. 喜欢;支撑;拥护


The idea is beginning to gain widespread favour.

这种定见开端赢得广泛附和。


[快速闪记]

(1) in favour of 附和;支撑

in sb 's favour 对或人有利

do sb a favour/do a favour for sb 帮或人一个忙

ask sb a favour=ask a favour of sb 请或人协助

(2) favourable adj. 附和的;有利的

favourite  adj.&n.特别喜欢的(东西)


5.pile  n.[C] ①一堆②许多 vt.&vi. 堆积;积累


The leaves had been swept into huge piles.

树叶被扫成了一大堆一大堆的。


[快速闪记]

a pile of 一堆

piles of 一堆堆的

pile up 堆积


6.absurd  adj. 荒唐的;可笑的


He felt it was absu仙道天国rd to be filled with hatred for someone he had never met.

他觉得对从未见过的人充溢仇saomm恨可真是荒唐。


7.accompany  vt. ①陪同;随同 ②随同发作(with) ③配乐(+on/at)


Friends,in this time of happiness,joy and goodwill to accompany you!

朋友,在这夸姣的韶光里,让高兴和夸姣永久陪同着你!


[快速闪记]

(1) accompany sb to someplace 陪同或人去某地

accompany sb on/at 用……给或人配乐

accompany...with/by 与……一同存在或发作

(2) keep sb company 陪同或人

in company with 与……一同


8.declare v.宣告(声明);申报;声明


He declared that he would fight for his right.

他声称要为他的权力而奋斗。


[快速闪记]

declaration  n.宣言,布告,布告,声明

declare against 声明敌对

declare sth to sb/sth 向……标明自己的观念

declare...open/close 宣告……开端/完毕

declared war on 向……宣战


9.talent  n.天才;特别才能


Which of them has more musical talent is open to debate.

他们之中谁更有音乐天分还未有郑婉瑜结论。


10.obey  vt.&vi.恪守;遵从;恪守 

disobey  v.不恪守;违背


A robot must obey the orders given to it by human beings.

机器人有必要恪守人类的指令。


obey the rules 恪守规则

高频短语必会

1.test out 试验;检测

2.ring up 给……打电话

3.turn around 回身;翻转

4.set aside 将……放在一边;为……节约或驱房有术保存

5.in all 一共;总计

6.be bound to 一定做……

写作句式必学

1.It was disturbing and frightening that he looked so human.机器人如此通人道,这使她觉得心烦和惧怕。


2.As a favour Tony promised to help Claire make herself smarter and her home more elegant.

作为一个恩惠,托尼容许协助克莱尔,使她更美丽,使她的家更典雅。


3.She fell off a ladder and even though Tony was in the next room,he managed to catch her in time.

她从梯子上掉下来,虽然托尼在近邻房间里,他仍是及时(赶过来)把她接住了。

Unit3 Under the sea

常考单词必背

1.annual  adj. 每年的;年度的 n. 年刊;年鉴


Our school's an木槿花西月秀丽,高中英语选修7常考单词、短语、写作句式大放送,新学期变身英语学霸,postnual sports day took place yesterday in 30-degree heat.

昨日,校园一年一度的运动会在30度的高温下举行了。


2.witness  vt.七龙珠之世界之神 目睹;当场见到 n. 目睹者;证人


The driving we have witnessed w木槿花西月秀丽,高中英语选修7常考单词、短语、写作句式大放送,新学期变身英语学霸,postas beyond belief.

咱们亲眼目睹的驾车局面令人难以置信。


3.opposite adj. (无比较级) ①对面的;相对的②(截然)相反的;敌对的 n. [C]反义词;敌对面 prep.在……的对面


We have opposite views on politics.

咱们的政治观念不同。


She observed a man walking on the opposite side of the way.

她留意到一个人在路的对面走着。


4.pau母女照se  n. [C]间断;间断;暂停 vi. 间断;间断;暂停


She talked for an hour and a half without pause.

她接连说了一个半小时,中心没有停歇。


After you introduce the topic,pause to hear what your partner says.

在你引入了这个论题后,停下来听听你的同伴怎样说。


5.flee(fled,fled)  vt. 逃离;逃避 vi. 逃走;逃避


Many of the people have fled to the mountains to escape the floods.

许多人为逃避洪水都逃到了山上。


The smile fled from his face.

他脸上的笑脸倾刻时消失了。


6.drag  vt. 拖拽; 费劲地往前拉 vi.落后; 缓慢行进  n. 拖,拉; 负担


We all have a good laugh,so the time never drags.

咱们常常笑得很高兴,所以时刻过得快。


She dragged herself out of bed,still half asleep.

她挣扎着起了床,仍是睡眼惺忪。


7.urge vt. 敦促;竭力主张;驱使


They urged me to eat (into eating) the strange food.

他们鼓动我吃那种古怪的食物。


He urged that we (should) take such steps.

他竭力主张咱们采纳这些办法。


8.abandon/'bndn/ vt. 扔掉;遗弃  n. [U]听任;狂放


Don't abandon yourself to despair.

不要妄自菲薄。


[快速闪记]

(1) abandon...to...  把……遗弃给……

with abandon  猖狂地

(2) abandoned adj. 被扔掉的;作废的

(3) abandon oneself to(to为介词)  沉溺于;尽情


同义短语:

apply oneself to,devote oneself to,resign oneself to等。


9.target n. 方针;靶子;受批判的方针


I aimed the gun carefully at the target.

我小心肠用枪瞄准了方针。


10.sharp adj. ①尖利的;尖的 ②敏锐的;机敏的 ③刻薄的;严峻的


Mary,who has sharp eyes,can see through others.

玛丽,目光敏锐,能看透他人。


[快速闪记]

sharpen vt. 磨快;使灵敏;使尖利

sharpener n. [C]磨具;卷笔刀

高频短语必会

1.help(...) 木槿花西月秀丽,高中英语选修7常考单词、短语、写作句式大放送,新学期变身英语学霸,postout 协助(或人)摆脱窘境或风险


cannot help doing sth 忍不住做某事


2.be/become aware of 对……知道、了解;意识到……


3.upside down 上下翻转


4.(be)scared to death吓死了

写作句式必学

1.As I was sorting out my accommodation,I heard a loud noise coming from the bay.

正在我找住处的时分,我听到从海湾那儿传来一阵喧闹声。


2.This was the call that announced there was about to be a whale hunt.

这是宣告捕鲸举动立刻就要开端的呼声。


3.Being badly wounded,the whale soon died.

由于严峻受伤,鲸鱼很快就死了。

Unit4 Sharing

常考单词必背

1.concept  n. 观念;概念


2.relevant  adj. 有关的;恰当的;恰当的


It is a great honour for me to tell you some information relevant to the local life.

我很侥幸通知你一些和当地日子相关的信息。


When I am faced with a difficulty,I usually choose to refer to relevant learning materials or Web pages.

当我面临困难时,我常常挑选参阅相关学习材料或网络。


3.adjust/'dst/  vt.&vi. ①(使)习惯;(使)校准;(使)调整 ②收拾;使有条理


She ca木槿花西月秀丽,高中英语选修7常考单词、短语、写作句式大放送,新学期变身英语学霸,postrefully adjusted her clothes and her hair before going out.她出门之前细心地整了整衣服和头发。


[快速闪记]

adjust(oneself) to (doing) sth  (使或人)习惯(做)某事

adjustment/'dstmnt/ n.[C]&[U]调整;调理

make an adjustment/adjustments to  调整……(以习惯……)

adjustable adj. 可调理的;可调整的


4.participate  vi. (与in连用)参加;参加


Use an effective teaching style that allows people to participate in their learning.

运用一种有用的训练综漫之丢失神权风格让人们参加到学习中去。


5.otherwise  conj. 不然;不然  adv. 用其他办法;其他方面


Otherwise,you may have problems such as red eyes,pain in the eyes,or a more serious condition.

不然的话,你或许会有这样的问题,像红眼、眼痛或更严峻的景象。


6.privilege  n. 特权;侥幸


Having been born to privilege i木槿花西月秀丽,高中英语选修7常考单词、短语、写作句式大放送,新学期变身英语学霸,postn old Hollywood,she was carrying on a family tradition by acting.

她身世于曩昔好莱坞的名门,承继了当艺人的宗族传统。


7.donate  v. 捐献;捐献


She is willing to donate money to a worthy cause.

她愿为崇高的作业捐款。


[快速闪记]

(1) donate...to...  把……捐给……

同义短语:subscribe to,donate to,contribute to等。

(2) donation  n. 捐款;捐献

donor  n. 捐献者;输血者


8.voluntary  adj. 自愿的;自愿的;无偿的


We run the meals-on-wheels service on a voluntary basis.

咱们依据自愿的准则,展开上门送饭的效劳。


9.distribute  vt. 分配;分布;分隔 distribution  n. 分配;分发


10.operate  vi. ①操作;作业 ②起作用;见效 ③(常与on连用)动手术;开刀 vt. ①操作;开动 ②运营③对……动手术


For most people,it's almost impossible to operate a computer without a mouse...

对大多数人而言,没有鼠标简直无法操作电脑……


[快速闪记]

operation  n. [C] &[U]①操作;作业;作业 ②手术 ③作战(举动)

operator  n. [C]话务员;操作员;运营者;企业主

高频短语必会

1.hear from  接到……来信

2.(be) 聚宝币dying to  极想;巴望

3.the other day  不久前的一天

4.dry out  (使浸水之物等) 彻底变干;干透

5.dry up  (指河流、井等) 干枯

6.in need  在困难中;在危殆中

写作句式必学

1.Thanks for your letter,which took a fortnight to arrive.

谢谢你的来信,这封信两星期才到。


2.There is no electricity or water and even no木槿花西月秀丽,高中英语选修7常考单词、短语、写作句式大放送,新学期变身英语学霸,post textbook either.这儿没有电,也没有水,甚至连讲义也没有。


3.Once the fire was going,he laid stones on it.

一旦火着起来后,他往火里扔几块石头。

Unit5 Travelling abroad

常考单词必背

1.queue  n. [C]长队;队伍 vi. 排队等候


If we had booked a table earlier,we couldn't be standing here in a queue.

假如你早订张桌子的话,咱们现在就不会站在这儿排队了。


2.recommend vt. ①引荐;介绍 ②劝说;主张(接从句时常用虚拟语气)


I borrowed the book Sherlock Holmes from the library last week,which my classmates recommended to me.

上星期我从图书馆借了本《夏洛克福尔摩斯》,这是我同学引荐我看的书。


[快速闪记]

(1) recommend sb sth = recommend sth to sb 向或人引荐某物

recommend doing sth 主张(劝说)或人做某事

recommend sb to do sth 劝说或人做……

recommend sb as... 引荐或人当……

recommend that...(should) do... 主张或人……

(2) recommendation n. ①[U]引荐;介绍 ②[C]引荐信;介绍信;劝说

a letter of recommendation 引荐信


3.comfort  n. 舒适;安慰  vt. 安慰


The old lady often comforts those who are in trouble.

这位老妇人常常安慰处于窘境的人。


[快速闪记]

comfortable adj. 舒畅的

comfortably adv. 舒适地


4.substitute  n. [C]代用品;替代者  vt. 用……替代


There is no substitute to hard work.

什么都替代不了尽力作业。


[快速闪记]

a substitute for...……的替代者

substitute A for B=substitute B with A用A替代B

substitute for 替代


5.requirement  n. [C]需求;要求;需求的东西;必要的条件


We have to fit ourselves to the requirements of our jobs.

咱们有必要习惯作业的需求。


[快速闪记]

(1) require sth of sb 向或人要求某物

require+doing/to be done(主语为动作的接受者) 需求做被......

require+to do(主语为动作的宣布者) 需求做......

require sb to do sth 要求或人做某事

require that...(should) do要求……(虚拟语气)

(2) to meet/satisfy the requirements 契合/满意必备的条件


6.draft  vt. 起草;拟定;征募  n. 汇票;草稿;草案


Finally,my thanks go to my tutor,who has offered a lot of suggestions and comments on my paper and polis尔丰助力车hed every page of my draft.

最终,我要感谢我的导师,由于他给我的论文供给了许多主张和谈论,修正我的草稿的每一页。


7.acknowledge/k'nlId/  vt. ①供认;供认 ②答谢;向……打招呼


It is widely acknowled木槿花西月秀丽,高中英语选修7常考单词、短语、写作句式大放送,新学期变身英语学霸,postged that students should be evaluated in terms of overall quality.

人们普遍以为应该经过归纳本质来点评学生。


acknowledgement  n. 供认;答谢

in acknowledgement of  为感谢……


8.occupy  vt. 占有;占用;使繁忙


He occupied his whole afternoon reading books.

他用了一下午的时刻读书。


[快速闪记]

occupation  n. [C]&[U] ①占有;占有 ②作业;工作

be occupied with sth 忙于某事

be occupied in doing sth 忙于做某事


9.routine  n. [C]&[U] 惯例;惯例;官样文章  adj. 例行的;惯例的


Thus eating becomes an enjoyment instead of a routine w蛇性ork you have to do every day.

因而,饮食成为一种享用而不是一个每天你有必要做的例行作业。


[快速闪记]

a routine report 例行陈述


10.abundant  adj. 丰厚的;富余的


We have abundant evidence that cars have a harmful effect on the environment.

咱们有充沛的依据证明轿车对环境有不良影响。


[快速闪记]

be abundant in (= be rich in) 赋有……;……很丰厚

abundance n. 许多;富余

in abundance 丰厚;许多

高频短语必会

1.adjust to  习惯;调理


2.keep it up  坚持优异成果;持续干下去

[快速闪记]

keep an eye on  照看;留心;亲近凝视

keep a record (of)  挂号;记载

keep back  保存;阻挠

keep fit  坚持健康

keep...from doing  阻挠……做

keep...in mind  记住;想着

keep off  避开;避免;挡住

keep on  持续(干)

keep...out (of...)  遮挡;使不进入

keep to one's promise  信守许诺

keep up  坚持;持续(某活动);不使(斗志)失落;保持

keep up with  跟上;不落在后面

keep (a) watch  留意;警觉;防范


3.fit in  相习惯;相交融

4.as far as one韩国最新 is concerned  就……而言

5.day in and day out  日复一日

6.out of the question  不或许的;不值得评论的

out of question  毫无疑问

写作句式必学

1.It was the first time she had ever left her motherland.

这是她第一次脱离自己的祖国。


2.Studying束组词 here is quite different from studying in China.

在这里学习跟在我国学习适当不同。


3.It's not just study that's difficult.

困难不仅仅仅仅学习方面。


4.When I miss my family,it's great comfort to have a substitute family to be with.

当我想家的时分,房店主便是我家的替身,和他们在一同给了我很大的安慰。


5.Besides,as far as he was concerned,what other people though男女亲近t was not the most important thing.

此外,他以为,他人想什么并不是最重要的工作。


6.I have been so occupied with work that I haven't had time for social activities.

我一向忙于学习,以致于我没有时刻去参加社会活动。


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